IRINA CIOTLAUS, LUCIA GANSCA, ADRIANA MARIA ANDREICA, IOAN OPREAN A PRACTICAL SYNTHESIS OF (Z)- AND (E)-8-DODECENE-1-YL ACETATE, COMPONENTS OF LEPIDOPTERA INSECT SEX PHEROMONES New and practical synthesis of (Z)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate and (E)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate were developed. The synthesis were based on a C3+C6=C9 and C9+C3=C12 coupling scheme, the starting material being 2-propyn-1-ol and 1,6-hexandiol. The routes involve, as the key step, the use of the same mercury derivative of the terminal-alkyne w-functionalised as intermediate. The first coupling reaction took place between methoxyallene and Grignard reagent of 1-tert-butoxy-6-bromo-hexan obtaining 1-tert-butoxy-non-8-yne, which is transformed in di<1-tert-butoxy-non-8-yne>mercury, the common intermediate in the synthesis of the two pheromones. In order to obtain (Z)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate and (E)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate, the mercury derivative was directly lithiated and then alkylated with 1-bromo-propan obtaining 1-tert-butoxy-dodec-8-yne. After acetylation of 1-tert-butoxy-dodec-8-yne and stereoselective reduction in the presence of NiP-2 catalyst gave (Z)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate with 85 % isomeric purity. After reduction with lithium aluminium hydride of 1-tert-butoxy-dodec-8-yne and acetylation was obtained (E)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate with 90% isomeric purity.
Keywords: (Z)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate, (E)-8-dodecene-1-yl acetate, Lepidoptera, sex pheromone