CRISTIANA RADULESCU, CLAUDIA STIHI, STEFANIA IORDACHE, DANIEL DUNEA, IOANA DANIELA DULAMA CHARACTERIZATION OF URBAN ATMOSPHERIC PM2.5 BY ATR-FTIR, ICP-MS AND SEM-EDS TECHNIQUES The study aims to investigate the chemical composition of airborne particulate matter with size below 2.5 µm (PM2.5) collected from Targoviste City area, in the summer of 2015. For this consideration eleven representative points have been chosen for sampling. This research provides interesting data which can clarify the relationship between PM2.5 exposure and the negative effects on human health at urban area level. Three analytical techniques have been developed for the qualitative, quantitative and morphological characterization of PM2.5. The inorganic and organic functional groups of the PM2.5 samples were investigated by Attenuated Total Reflectance - Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (ATR-FTIR). The content of several elements (i.e. Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Mn, Al, Zn and Fe) in samples was determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The measured concentration of these metals was compared with values reported by the International Agency on urban area in order to establish the minimal element level which cannot be considered as a potential health risk for the urban population. The morphological characterization of PM2.5 was performed by Scanning Electron Microscopy - Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (SEM-EDS). The elemental analysis of samples were performed by EDS and showed that airborne particle was mainly composed of elements, such as C, O, Si, Ca, N and S.
Keywords: particulate matter, ATR-FTIR, ICP-MS, SEM-EDS, chemical composition