GERMAINE SAVOIU BALINT, MIHAIELA ANDONI, RAMONA AMINA POPOVICI, LAURA CRISTINA RUSU, IOANA CITU, RAMONA CAMELIA RUMEL, VIRGIL CIOBANU THE EFFECT ON HEALTH OF SOME CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS Arterial endothelium produces a large ramge of active factors which are indispensable for modulation of vasomotor tone and maintenance of vascular wall integrity. From these factors, nitric oxide (NO), wich is released by the endothelial cells as a response to acetylcholine or adenosine action on specific receptors, plays an important role.NO is the result of oxidation process of L-arginine into L-citrulline, under the action of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOSe), wich is activated by intracelluar Ca2+ - calmodulin complex . Our study, performed in isolated organ bath, analyzed vascular reactivity of 12 guinea pigs’ thoracic aorta rings. After phenylephrine -PHE 10-5 mol/L precontraction, the dose-effect curves for acetylcoline – ACH, adenosine 5’ phosphate - 5’ADP and sodium nitroprusside – SNP were determined, before and after incubation of preparation, for 1 hour, with 5% hydrosoluble cigarettes smoke extract (CSE). Statistic analysis, performed with the use of t pair test and ANOVA parametric test, showed that incubation of vascular preparation with 5% CSE has increased the contractile response to PHE 10-5 mol/L (p<0.05), has reduced the endothelium-dependent relaxing response to ATP 10-5 mol/L (p<0.001) and 5’ADP 10-5 molo/L (p<0.001), but has not significantly modified the endothelium-independent relaxing response to SNP 10-5 mol/L (p=0.05). As a conclusion, vascular rings incubation with 5% CSE induced a decrease of endothelium NO synthesis under the action of AXH and 5’ADP, but did not change the smooth muscle fiber respomse in the presence of NO released by SNP.