NG HOOI JUN, MIRABELA GEORGIANA MINCIUNA, MOHD MUSTAFA AL BAKRI ABDULLAH, TAN SOO JIN, ANDREI VICTOR SANDU, LIEW YUN MING MECHANISM OF CEMENT PASTE WITH DIFFERENT PARTICLE SIZES OF BOTTOM ASH AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT IN PORTLAND CEMENT Manufacturing of Portland cement consists of high volume of natural aggregates which depleted rapidly in today construction field. New substitutable material such as bottom ash replace and target for comparable properties with hydraulic or pozzolanic properties as Portland cement. This study investigates the replacement of different sizes of bottom ash into Portland cement by reducing the content of Portland cement and examined the mechanism between bottom ash (BA) and Portland cement. A cement composite developed by 10% replacement with 1, 7, 14, and 28 days of curing and exhibited excellent mechanical strength on day 28 (34.23 MPa) with 63 mm BA. The porous structure of BA results in lower density as the fineness particles size contains high specific surface area and consume high quantity of water. The morphology, mineralogical, and ternary phase analysis showed that pozzolanic reaction of bottom ash does not alter but complements and integrates the cement hydration process which facilitate effectively the potential of bottom ash to act as construction material.