MONICA LICKER, ANDREI ANGHEL, ROXANA MOLDOVAN, ELENA HOGEA, DELIA MUNTEAN, FLORIN HORHAT, EDWARD SECLAMAN, LIVIU TAMAS, MARIANA ANGHEL, LUMINITA BADITOIU MICROARRAY TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DETECTION OF ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE GENES PRESENT IN HOSPITAL AND COMMUNITY ACQUIRED METHICILLIN RESISTANT S.AUREUS STRAINS Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a real burden for the modern medicine. One of the most frecvently isolated hospital acquired (HA) pathogens wordlwide, is Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Recently not only HA, but also community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) infections have been reported. A prospective study was performed between February 2009 and October 2010, with the aim to investigate bacterial resistance of CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA. DNA microarray technology has been used for the detection of 4 AMR genes for the studied MRSA strains. A number of 218 HA- S.aureus strains have been isolated, from which 89 (40. 82%) were MRSA. In the community, 1.553 S.aureus strains were isolated, out of which, 356 (22. 92%) were MRSA. From these, a number of 17 HA and 12 CA –MRSA strains have been analyzed by DNA microarray technology. From 100% phenotypically described HA- MRSA, we identified mecA gene in 10 strains (58. 83%). Other 6 strains (35. 29%) have been erm(A) positive and 4 (23. 53%) - tet(O) positive. 83. 33% (10 strains) from the CA strains had mecA gene, only one (8. 33%) was erm(A) positive and 4 (33. 33%) were erm(C) positive. DNA microarray is a method allowing the concomitant scan of multiple genes and can be done within a few hours. That type of rapid and reliable methods for antimicrobial sensitivity tests are important to start an appropriate therapy.
Keywords: MRSA, mec A, erm(A), erm(C), tet(O), microarray