MARIANA DANIELA BERECHET, ELENA MANAILA, MARIA DANIELA STELESCU, GABRIELA CRACIUN THE COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OILS OBTAINED FROM ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM AND MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA L., ORIGINARY FROM ROMANIA In the present study we have investigated the chemical composition of the essential oils extracted by the procedure of hydrodistillation, from fresh flowers of Matricaria Chamomilla L. and Achillea Millefolium from Romania, two genres belonging to the same family, Asteraceae. The obtained essential oils were analyzed using the techniques of Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometer and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. It was found that both essential oils were dominated by the presence of terpenes. Aliphatic components were modest represented in both essential oils. The results were compared with those reported by other authors. Similarities consist in the domination of the same class of compounds and in the same modest representation of others. One of differences consists in the presence of some compounds with significant medicinal role, which were not reported by other authors. Another difference consists in the presence of some compounds in higher concentrations than those reported by other authors.
Keywords: essential oil, chemical composition, Matricaria Chamomilla L., Achillea Millefolium