LARISA ANGHEL, CRISTINA PRISACARIU, CATALINA ARSENESCU GEORGESCU IS THERE A SEX DIFFERENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION?
Conventional cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and dyslipidemia, increase the risk of developing acute myocardial infarction. Primary prevention studies have shown that early detection and aggressive treatment of risk factors prevent cardiovascular events. In women, coronary artery disease appears up to 10 years later in life than in men. We analyzed the presence of conventional risk factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction and compared findings according to sex. We observed that more than 90% of patients included in the study had at least one of these risk factors, hypertension and diabetes predominated in women and smoking was more frequent in men. Because many of these risk factors are modifiable and amenable to treatment, an early detection and aggressive treatment can prevent cardiovascular events.
Keywords: risk factors, acute coronary syndrome, atherosclerosis, clinical study