ANDREEA SIMONA POP, RADU SEPTIMIU CAMPIAN, PAULA JIMAN, ECATERINA IONESCU, STEFAN MILICESCU, ELINA TEODORESCU, MARIANA PACURAR, EDWIN SEVER BECHIR, FARAH CURT MOLA, VIORICA TARMURE CORRELATIONS BETWEEN PH VALUES OF ORAL FLUID AND DENTAL CARIES EPIDEMIOLOGIC INDICATORS IN CHILDREN AGED WITHIN 6-12 YEARS The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between the pH values of oral fluid and the epidemiologic indicators of dental caries in children aged between 6-12 years. Clinical examinations were performed on 1517 children and the analysis was made in groups of 6-8 years old (n=701) , and 9-12 years old (n=786) . The research included the record the pH values of the oral fluid and clinical examinations for evaluation of the state of oral health, in conformity to the codes of the OMS carious affection level. For the determination and the record of pH values of the oral fluid we used GC Saliva pH Indicator kit. The study followed defs, deft, dmfs, dmft epidemiologic indices of dental caries. The determined values of oral fluid pH were between 5.0 and 6.4. The obtained values of indices in all studied groups and subgroups demonstrated the significant statistical difference between at least two values (p < 0.001). 72% of the studied group presented with at least a dental surface affected in deciduous teeth, while only 40% of the children presented a carious process on the permanent teeth. The occlusal surface was the most frequently affected by dental caries, followed by the proximal surfaces (mesial and distal) and last being smooth surface caries. The study demonstrated the correlation between acidic values of oral fluid pH and the dental caries in the study group.
Keywords: children aged between 6-12 years, oral fluid pH, dental caries