DAN SPINU, OVIDIU BRATU, DRAGOS MARCU, DAN MISCHIANU, RADU HUICA, MIHAELA SURCEL, ADRIANA MUNTEANU, BOGDAN SOCEA, OANA BODEAN, CORNEL URSACIUC THE USE OF ELISA AND PCR IN IDENTIFYING CORRELATIONS BETWEEN VIRAL INFECTION AND BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is induced by a persistent local inflammatory process that leads to cell proliferation. Viral infections associated with immune deficiencies can trigger the chronic inflammation of the prostate. Therefore, we have investigated several viral expressions in BPH patients and tried to establish a link with the diagnosed hyperplasia. 50 patients with BPH without urinary tract infection were tested for the presence of the following viruses: human papilloma virus (HPV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). These viruses are the most common cause of asymptomatic viral infections. HPV-specific DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for freshly surgical removed tissue sample. Both anti-CMV (IgG, IgM) and anti-EBV (IgG, IgM) antibodies were detected in the patients’ serum with standard enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay technique (ELISA). Specific HPV-DNA in prostate tissue was found only in 4% of patients, while 98% and 100% patients were positive for serum anti-CMV IgG or anti-EBV, proving intense earlier contact with the virus. IgM anti-CMV evaluation was found in around 10% of the cases which were also negative for EBV, sustaining that this was a non-acute infection. The findings showed that BPH may be associated with a chronic inflammation due to the post-viral infection with CMV or EBV, or secondary to the presence of these viruses in the prostate, while the involvement of HPV infection in BPH development is comparably lower. Our data suggests that viral investigation in BPH should be considered in the screening protocol of BPH as an indicator of possible inflammatory-mediated tumorigenesis of urinary tract.
Keywords: benign prostatic hypertrophy, human papilloma virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus