MARIOARA NICULA, NICOLAE PACALA, LAVINIA STEF, IOAN PET, DOREL DRONCA, MIRELA AHMADI, ADRIANA GHERBON GARLIC AND CHLORELLA BIOMODULATE LEAD TOXICITY ON MANGANESE HOMEOSTASIS IN CARASSIUS GIBELIO BLOCH
Environmental pollution negatively affects the aquatic ecosystems. Heavy metals are considered dangerous toxic elements for aquatic biota, as metallic elements or as salts which exhibit great stability. Among these, lead is toxic for all aquatic biotic components. Our research investigated the manganese distribution in tissue of Prussian carp fishes after lead intoxication, highlighted also the lead detoxifying potential of active principles from garlic and chlorella (powder). For our experiment 120 Prussian carp fingerlings, weighing 22-25g each, for 21 consecutive days, were divided according to the following treatments: C group (without treatment), E1 group (75ppm Pb in water as Pb(NO3)2 x ½H2O), E2 group (75ppm Pb in water+2% freeze-dry garlic in feed), E3 group (75ppm Pb in water+2% freeze-dry chlorella in feed). At the end of the experimental period, tissue samples (gills, muscle myotomers–epaxial, heart, skin and scales, intestine, liver, brain, gonads, kidney) were collected after euthanasia with clove oil. Manganese concentration was analytical performed using AAS (atomic absorption spectrometry). Using fish as bioindicators of lead experimental contamination allowed us to obtain valuable informations about its ability to substitut/remove bioactiv minerals from animal tisssues. In the same time, we could emphasize the efficiency of natural antioxidants or chelators of edible plants (such as garlic) or algae (such as chlorella), to alleviat the lead impact on homeostasis of trace elements from tissues.