ANAMARIA FEIER, OANA ROXANA CHIVU LAMELLAR TEARING OBSERVATIONS REGARDING THE APPLICATION OF EUROPEAN STANDARDS IN THE FIELD OF WELDED STEEL CONSTRUCTIONS
The problem of corrosion for old steel bridges in operation is often solved by direct replacement of elements or structure. Only a few studies have been done to determine the efforts influenced by corrosion in those elements. In general, it is considered that a corroded element has exceeded the bearing capacity and should be replaced, but if the corroded element is secondary it could be treated and kept. A factor in the rehabilitation of an old steel bridge in operation is the aspect of structure. If the structure is corroded, rehabilitation decision is taken is easier. Lamellar tearing describes the cracking that occurs beneath the weld and can be characterized as a brittle failure of steel, in the direction perpendicular to the plane of rolling. The paper presents a comprehensive study on lamellar tearing and summarizes some conclusions about the prevention of them. The conclusions will be exemplified in the case of a railway bridge, with a main truss girder. The paper presents also some observations regarding the stress analysis in fillet welds, resulting from the engineering practice.