STEFAN MOGOS, GEORGE VISCOPOLEANU, MONICA DASCALU, RADU ORFANU RECONSTRUCTION OF SEVERE ACETABULAR BONE DEFECTS IN REVISION HIP ARTHROPLASTY MANAGEMENT OPTIONS AND CLINICAL OUTCOMES The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different surgical implants for the reconstruction of severe acetabular bone defects in revision arthroplasty of the hip. The current study is a retrospective study on 32 patients with Paprosky type IIIA or IIIB acetabular defects operated between January 2012-December 2015 in a single hospital. The mean follow-up was 21 months (12-43 months). Five different types of reconstruction methods were used: primary uncemented cups with or without screws, cemented acetabular cups, tantalum cups, metal augments and antiprotrusio cages. Bone allograft was available in all cases. Functional outcome after surgery was evaluated using Harris Hip Score. Based on Paprosky classification, the study included 16 type IIIA and 16 type IIIB acetabular defects. Bone graft was used in 71.8% of the cases (23 out of 32 patients). Tantalum cups were used in 15 cases (46.9%), being the preferred implant. Primary uncemented cups were used in 2 cases, cemented acetabular cups were used in 4 cases, trabecular metal augments were used in 5 cases and antiprotrusion cages were used in 6 cases. The mean Harris Hip Score improved from 37.3±7.4 pre-operatively to 82.1±7.2 at final follow-up. In conclusion, the current study demonstrates that various methods of reconstruction are efficient in the short and medium-term.
Keywords: Revision, hip arthroplasty, bone graft, tantalum, bone defect