MARIUS MOGA, MARK EDWARD POGARASTEANU, DUMITRU FERECHIDE, ANTOINE EDU, CHEN FENG IFRIM THE ROLE OF ARTHROSCOPY IN THE TREATMENT OF GOUTY ARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE CASE PRESENTATION Gout is a metabolic disease involving the impregnation of joints and other tissues with urate crystals. The onset is often brutal, and it manifests itself with pain and inflammation in the affected joint. The treatment usually involves rest, ice, NSAIDs and anti-gout medication. The long-term treatment involves medication and dietary changes. In the joint, urate crystals are deposited in the synovial, in the cartilage and in the menisci. In the arthroscopic practice, the gouty knee is a rare occurrence. We present a relevant case, that of a 57 years old patient without a prior gout diagnosis where we found urate crystal deposits covering the synovium, cartilage and meniscus, and we discuss the current and recent year Pub Med indexed literature in order to evaluate the possibilities for arthroscopic treatment of this pathology. We looked at the number of patients involved, their characteristics, and the surgical techniques used. We also looked at the temporal relation of the arthroscopic intervention to the recent gout attacks, and at the described lesions that were found. Also, we evaluated the papers for joint liquid analysis, gout drug treatment, and description of clinical aspects involved and associated lesions. Finally, we looked at the follow-up, at the functional scores used to monitor the patient’s evolution, at the associated medication and at the long-term outcomes, if described. We have found opinions to vary. In the end, we draw conclusions pertaining to the practical short-term and long-term use of knee arthroscopy in the treatment of gout.