DOINA VESA, CRISTIAN MARTU, RAZVAN LEATA, LUDMILA LOZNEANU,LUMINITA RADULESCU, GEORGE STOICA,MIHAI GANEA, AURELIA ZAHARIA, OANA CHIPIRLIU, DELIA CRISTINA LUCHIANCENCO, ANCA RACOVANU, GEORGETA MARIA LAZA1, LILIANA PAVEL ARANASAL SINUS MUCOCELE CLINICAL, IMAGISTIC AND BIOCHEMICAL ASPECTS Paranasal mucoceles are a type of cysts that evolve slowly and are asymptomatic; this poses a difficulty in diagnosing the patient because the symptoms can go unnoticed. The mucocele evolves unpredictably. On the one hand, it can become infected turning into pyoceles and on the other hand, it can invade important regions such as the orbital, cranial or genian regions, creating facial asymmetry. This is a retrospective case study of 37 patients diagnosed with sinus mucoceles, followed up by clinical examination and paraclinical tests such as CT and MRI scans. The biochemical components of the liquid from within the mucocele were analyzed and the following criteria were recorded: NaCl-, Cl-, Na+ and cholesterine as well as cellular components such as mastocytes, macrophages, hematocytes and leucocytes. In all cases, the treatment option was surgery with favorable post-operative and follow-up evaluation. The mucoceles that appeared post-operatively (maxillary and ethmoid sinuses) evolved more rapidly than the mucoceles that were induced byan external injury. Longer follow-up of operated patients permitted a more timely diagnosis of recurrences.
Keywords: mucocele, diagnosis, imagistic and biochemical aspects