DANIELA C. CULITA, CLAUDIA MARIA SIMONESCU, RODICA ELENA PATESCU, NICOLAE STANICA CHITOSAN-BASED MAGNETIC COMPOSITES - EFFICIENT ADSORBENTS FOR REMOVAL OF PB(II) AND CU(II) FROM AQUEOUS MONO AND BICOMPONENT SOLUTIONS A series of three chitosan-based magnetic composites was prepared through a simple coprecipitation method. It was investigated the influence of mass ratio between chitosan and magnetite on the physical and chemical properties of the composites in order to establish the optimum conditions for obtaining a composite with good adsorption capacity for Pb(II) and Cu(II) from mono and bicomponent aqueous solutions. It was found that the microspheres prepared using mass ratio chitosan / magnetite 1.25/1, having a saturation magnetization of 15 emu g--1, are the best to be used as adsorbent for the metal ions. The influence of different parameters such as initial pH values, contact time, initial concentration of metal ions, on the adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) onto the chitosan-based magnetic adsorbent was investigated in details. The adsorption process fits the pseudo-second-order kinetic model in both mono and bicomponent systems, and the maximum adsorption capacities calculated on the basis of the Langmuir model were 79.4 mg g--1 for Pb(II) and 48.5 mg g--1 for Cu(II) in monocomponent systems, while in bicomponent systems were 88.3 and 49.5 mg g--1, respectively. The results revealed that the as prepared chitosan-based magnetic adsorbent can be an effective and promising adsorbent for Pb(II) and Cu(II) from mono and bicomponent aqueous solutions.
Keywords: Lead; copper; magnetic adsorbents; chitosan