ANCA PLAVITU, MARK EDWARD POGARASTEANU, MARIUS MOGA, MIRCEA LUPUSORU, FLORENTINA IONITA RADU, ANTOINE EDU 3D PRINTING AS A WAY OF INTEGRATING MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN ARTHROSCOPIC KNEE SURGERY
Our objective is to develop a novel method of approaching the arthroscopic treatment of osteochondral lesions within the knee joint by using mathematics as a way of understanding the geometry involved in the knee, both in normal and degenerated knee joint surfaces. Bone and cartilage lesions are frequent, whether as a result of trauma, degenerative pathology, vascular pathology (osteocondritis dissecans) or tumoral. In all cases, a defect can be repaired arthroscopically, if it has manageable dimensions and if the surgeon has the technological means and the necessary skills, through the use of grafts (autografts or allografts). Alternatively, a lesion that may be approached arthroscopically initially could prove to be too great for repair and may need a second intervention for reconstruction with an endoprosthesis. We aim to further deepen the surgeon’s understanding of this pathology, through the use of 3D technology as a way of representing the osteochondral defect. Thus, its dimensions and position may be better understood, and the surgical intervention may be better planned out, potentially resulting in a shorter operating time and an overall superior outcome for the patient, and even potentially diminishing the number of unnecessary surgeries performed.
Keywords: Knee, arthroscopy, geometrical models, 3D printing, osteochondral lesions