CRISTINA GRIGORESCU, LIVIU CIPRIAN GAVRIL, LAURA GAVRIL, TIBERIU LUNGULEAC, BOGDAN MIHNEA CIUNTU, ALEXANDRU PATRASCU, PAUL SALAHORU CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SERUM A1-ANTITRIPSINE LEVEL IN PRIMARY SPONTANEOUS PNEUMOTORAX PATIENTS Diagnosis of primary or idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax is one of exclusion, and in fact defines an entity that may have a difficult or impossible cause to be highlighted by current means, we consider it appropriate to study these etiopathogenic aspects. There is a definite association between alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and pulmonary emphysema and indirect spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to an emphysematous pulmonary lesion. Dose of alpha-1 antitrypsin is an immunoturbinimetric method for in vitro determination of alpha-1 antitrypsin in human serum and plasma. This product is calibrated to be used for the Daytona RX analyzer. The serum level of alpha-1-antitrypsin is not a determining factor in the postoperative evolution characterized by the interval until air loss disappears, but certainly exerts some influence, the exact level of which remains to be determined.