ANA PETCU, CARMEN SAVIN, ADRIANA BALAN, EUGENIU MIHALAS, LAURA MARIA GAVRILA, CARINA BALCOS, MAGDA ECATERINA ANTOHE BIOMATERIALS INVOLVED IN FRONTAL AREA RESTORATIONS IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Aesthetics in dentistry have truly begun their role in the mid-twentieth century through attempts to perform orthodontic prosthetic restorations in the spirit of dentogenia, thereby making it as natural as possible.The aim of the study is represented by the identification of corellative aspects bethween the incidence of frontal edentation at young patients and the condition for a specific therapy. For the clinical study, 120 young patients were placed under observation, patients which showed up at the Paediatric Dentistry Clinic and private dental practices during the time interval 2016-2018, diagnosed with multiple and various pathologies in frontal area . The patients’ age was between 5 and 20+ years, 34.21 % having the age between 15 and 20 years, 60.53 % with age past 20 years, age intervals which, although anchored within the young dentistry framework, present different morphological and functional features, which lay at the foundations of the selection or exclusion of one or the other of the solution therapy solutions of the partial toothless. Regarding the prevention of the therapeutic solutions within the studied group we observe the weight of the temporary solutions for the childhood duration, followed by restorations with composed materials, significant statistical percentages belonging to the fixed restorations with the metal and ceramic crowns, the lowest percentage belonging to the ceramic-type restorations with zirconium or fully ceramic ones, choice dictated by the social and economic criteria, at the patients in which the growth process stagnated, essential elements of the patient’s final behaviour with regard to the body scheme reception. Toothless architecture will lay at the basis of the prosthetic rehabilitation in full accordance with the factorial accumulation, embracing valences of high exigency at the teenager’s age, the frontal toothless being perceived as an amputation, forcing the teenager in isolation. In full accordance to the age and the particular clinical situation with regard to the successful esthetical restoration, the preparation and non-preparation actual techniques for the integrated ceramics constitute a selection option.