VENERA CRISTINA DINESCU, ILEANA PUIU, SORIN NICOLAE DINESCU, DIANA RODICA TUDORASCU, ELENA CATALINA BICA, RAMONA CONSTANTINA VASILE, MARIUS GABRIEL BUNESCU, FLORIN MARIUS ROMANESCU, NICOLETA CIOATERA, LUCIANA TEODORA ROTARU,ROXANA EDME MUSTAFA, CRISTINA FLORESCU EARLY PREDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL, ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC AND ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC MARKERS FOR CARDIAC DAMAGE IN PATIENTS WITH PULMONIC SILICOSIS
The aim of this study was to identify correlations between electrocardiographic and echocardiographic changes in patients with silicosis prior to the occurrence of chronic pulmonary heart disease. We conducted a prospective, descriptive, analytical study, in which we included a group of 67 patients consecutively admitted to the Health Promotion and Occupational Medicine Clinic between December 2016 and January 2018, aged 47 to 78 years.There was a biochemical and electrocardiographic evaluation for each patient as well as a right ventricle echocardiographic evaluation (diameters, volumes, function). A control group, including 25 patients with benign minor diseases that required a cardiologist consultation, was also used. From the electrocardiographic point of view, slight changes were observed regarding the waves of electrical activity of the right ventricle. Taking into account the degree of ventilatory dysfunction (depending on FEV1), changes in right heart echocardiographic parameters were identified. Thus, in what the most important right ventricular parameters, including the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) or the RV index of myocardial performance (RVMPI) were concerned, values at the upper limit of normality were recorded in most patients with moderate and severe ventilatory dysfunction. Values of echocardiographic parameters of the right heart at the upper limit of normality, correlated with the degree of ventilatory dysfunction, are early markers for cardiovascular damage in patients with pulmonary silicosis prior to the occurrence of chronic pulmonary heart disease also known ascor pulmonale.