ANCA-LUIZA STANILA RESEARCH ON THE PRESENCE OF PHAEOZEMS IN THE SUCEAVA PLATEAU
Phaeozems are in class cernisols and has a wide spread in the Suceava Plateau. These soils have been the objective of many pedo-geographical studies, being firstly interpreted as exhausted chernozems (Obrejeanu et al., 1958), as exhausted brown forest soils (Bucur, 1967), and then as pratozems or chernozems like soils (Florea and Muica, 1962), presently being known under the name mentioned above. To achieve its purpose were established following objectives have been achieved in the field and laboratory: the study of the natural formation of phaeozems Suceava Plateau; the morphological, chemical and physical phaeozems (for which the characteristic of the space searched areas have been opened in the soil profiles were taken samples); determining the favorability of different crops. Among the pedogenetic factors, the relief played a very important role in the formation and development of the phaeozem type soils from this part of the country. The process of soil formation is manifested as the chernozems by intense accumulation of humus at the top of the soil profile, but at a lower level and having a higher content of fulvic acids than the chernozems. It follows horizon Amolic (Am), dark and quite deep.
Keywords: phaeozems, Suceava Plateau, glacis of slope, accumulation of humus, favourability for different crops