RAZVAN MIHAI HORHAT, RADU-VASILE BAGIU, BRIGITHA VLAICU, DELIA HUTANU3, DELIA - IOANA HORHAT, LUMINITA NICA, DANIELA IACOB, SMARANDA ARGHIRESCU, IULIA-CRISTINA BAGIU TIME TRENDS: A TEN YEARS COMPARISON (2005/2006-2015/2016) OF ALCOHOL MISUSE DURING FIRST YEAR IN MEDICAL SCHOOL The purpose of the present study was to explore time-trends (2005/2006-2015/2016) of alcohol misuse in first year medical students and types of alcohol preferred by young adults in the same medical school. The study compared two cross-sectional cohorts of medical students (2005/2006: 365 females and 249 males; 2005/2016: 336 females and 123 males) from Timisoara, Romania, using the same questionnaire in both investigations. The analysis was conducted measuring gender and cohort effect on frequency of alcohol use patterns during the last month and the type of alcohol used preferred. Girls have increased with a small effect size both the number of days consuming at least one portion of alcohol and the number of days with binge drinking between evaluations, reducing the gap between boys and girls, seen in 2005/2006 evaluation. In multivariate models, though beer consumption has decreased (OR=0.6) between evaluations, wine (OR=3.6) and spirits (OR=1.6) consumption has increased. Beer and spirits are the type of alcohol used by young people for binge drinking. Interventions to reduce misuse of alcohol in general population or specific to university students need to be carefully tailored to the shifting patterns of alcohol consumption, which are gender specific.
Keywords: Alcohol misuse; Type of alcohol; Binge drinking; Intoxication; Medical students