MIHAI CONSTANTIN, OANA CIURCANU, VLAD DANILA, MIHAELA MONICA SCUTARIU, MIHAIL BALAN, CRISTIAN BUDACU THE IMPORTANCE OF RISK FACTORS AND THE CHEMISTRY OF ANESTETICS IN THE OCCURENCE OF MEDICAL EMERGENCIES IN DENTAL SURGERY In the dental practice or in the ambulatory of oral and maxillo-facial surgery, there may be real medical emergencies, emergencies in which the speed of effective measures is essential. A good knowledge of the things to be done in the practice, as first representatives of the medical shield in defence against the inexorable secures the winning of precious seconds. Medical care in dentistry and dentoalveolar surgery involves two seemingly different aspects: a well-defined technical one, of strict specialty, and another less well defined, which practically includes all the particularities of the patient coming to the dental practice. However precise the dental technique and the practitioner’s skill are, if the specific conditions of each patient are not taken into account, the medical benefit cannot rise to a high level, and the final result may be compromised by complications with unforeseen risks. The study included 7,996 patients resolved in the Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Clinic (Ambulatory), in the period from 1.02.2014 to 31.12.2018. The superficiality of a seemingly healthy patient approach may lead to the disregard of some important aspects with a predictive role in the triggering of a medical emergency, as an informational history must be more than an orderly list of symptoms. You always gain something by listening to patients and observing the way they talk about their symptoms. The crossed statistical deductions on the explored data revealed, based on the majority percentages obtained on each studied index, that the following have an extremely important aspect for the dental practice and dentoalveolar surgery: the dental anxiety level as well as the patient’s general status are the landmarks that require the greatest attention from the practitioner for the purpose of preventing medical emergencies.