GABRIELA STANCIU, FLORIN AONOFRIESEI, SIMONA LUPSOR, ANTOANELA POPESCU, RODICA SIRBU STUDY OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA L. FLOWERS MACERATES
Studies of total phenolic content and identification and quantification of phenolic compounds by HPLC-DAD from hydro-alcoholic and alcoholic macerates of Lavandula angustifolia L flowers from Dobrogea area are reported. The total phenolic content and the phenolic profile have been measured using Folin-Ciocalteau method, respectively adapted USP30 HPLC method in macerates of Lavandula angustifolia L flowers after 5 days of contact with either methanol (M1) or methanol: water 1 : 1 (V : V) mixture (M2). The values of TPC show that macerate M2 is more rich in phenolic compounds (3520 mg/100g d.w.), than in the case of macerate M1 (2860 mg/100 g d.w.). The obtained data of phenolic compounds determined by HPLC-DAD method were compared with the available authentic standards. Four individual phenolic compounds were found in macerate M1 and six individual phenolic compounds in macerate M2. Among gallic acid and chlorogenic acid, as major phenolic compounds, high concentrations of ellagic acid in M2 (514.249 mg/100 g d.w.) and M1 (499.487 mg/100g d.w.) were found. The antimicrobial activity of tested macerates indicates that Lavandula sp. has a moderate effect on the bacterial and Candida growth.