CONSTANTIN MIHAI, DRAGOS OCTAVIAN PALADE, CRISTIAN BUDACU, IULIU FULGA, MIHAELA GABRIELA LUCA, ANA GABRIELA SENI, ALEXANDRU GRIGOROVICI, LAURIAN LUCIAN FRANCU, IOAN SARBU A REVIEW OF OPERATIONAL SURGERY IN ENT AND CERVICAL-FACIAL TUMOURS - ORAL CAVITY AND PHARYNX It is extremely difficult to synthesize in a paper the extremely wide diversity of the issues related to such a vast chapter such as the tumours in the ENT area and the cervical-facial region. The review analyses the variety of benign and malignant types of tumours, presenting various types of tumours on anatomical organs or regions, insisting with more extensive data from the literature on less frequent tumours or involving more distinct therapies, perhaps leading to a lack of balance and uniformity. Tumours are defined as excessive proliferation of abnormal cells that resemble more or less the tissue in which they develop and end up by acquiring biological autonomy. The study performed presents a batch of 425 patients diagnosed with benign tumours - 306 cases (72.0%) and 119 cases with ENT and cervical-facial malignant tumours that had extensions to the surrounding organs and metastatic adenopathies, admitted and treated at the Clinical Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic of the County Clinical Hospital between 1.01.2015 - 31.12.2018. The entire cancerous lesion is surgically removed together with a small surrounding healthy tissue area to ensure that all malignant cells have been removed. The purpose of the surgery is to remove all affected tissues without compromising the integrity of the structures in the other areas of the oral cavity. Tumours develop from the oropharynx: the tonsils, the base of the tongue, the soft palate, the pharyngeal posterior wall. Most often, the tumour affects the tongue floor, the mucous of the mouth and the tonsils.
Keywords: ENT tumours, cervical-facial tumours, oral cavity, pharynx, benign tumours, malignant tumours, surgery