RAOUL VASILE LUPUSORU, GABRIEL TOPOR, INGRITH CRENGUTA MIRON, MIHAELA GRIGORE,IRINA ESANU CHEMICAL FACTORS WHICH PROMPT ORAL PATHOLOGICAL PHENOMENA IN SOME NUTRITION DISEASES In so-called general pathology, the centre of gravity must fall precisely on the experimental pathology, on the analysis of experimental pathological processes. To understand the life of a diseased organism, it is necessary to know the morphological changes at different stages of development of the pathological processes. Morphopathology deals with the study of morphological changes in a diseased organism. Both disciplines, namely both pathophysiology, as well as morphopathology, complement each other and together constitute a vast field of medical knowledge, namely the so-called pathology (pathos = suffering, disease, and logos = science). Physiopathology uses the data of the morphological changes found as a result of the pathological processes and it is closely related to the pathological anatomy, which deals with the same problems, but from another point of view: both have the same object of study, namely, the diseased human organism. Any pathological action provokes from the very beginning a defence of the body, directed against the injurious agent or the lesion. Pathological phenomena are recognized not only by studying the functional changes of the body and its various parts; taking into account the unity between function and form, it is necessary to study the morphological changes. From the research carried the following resulted: from the total of 165 cases, 102 cases (61.81%) presented diabetes, 34 cases (20.62%) obesity, 29 cases (17.57%) gout. In the treatment of oral mucosal lesions, strong antiseptics will be avoided since these are necrotizing (multiple cases of diabetic angiopathy are known), attention should also be paid to performing fixed or mobile prosthetic works that do not have to traumatize the periodontium and the mucosa of the prosthetic field in order to avoid the possibility of over-infection. Avoid bleeding manoeuvres in case of a diabetic patient with high blood sugar, taking into account the risk of diabetic coma.
Key words: general pathology, functional changes, changes in metabolism, nutrition