CRISTIAN TRAMBITAS, ANCA MARIA POP, ALINA DIA TRAMBITAS MIRON, DORIN CONSTANTIN DOROBANTU, FLAVIU TABARAN, BOGDAN CORDOS, BOGDAN ANDREI SUCIU, KLARA BRINZANIUC REGENERATION OF BONE DEFECTS USING BIOACTIVE GLASS COMBINED WITH ADIPOSE-DERIVED MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS AN EXPERIMENTAL IN VIVO STUDY Large bone defects are a medical concern as these are often unable to heal spontaneously, based on the host bone repair mechanisms. In their treatment, bone tissue engineering techniques represent a promising approach by providing a guide for osseous regeneration. As bioactive glasses proved to have osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties, the aim of our study was to evaluate by histologic examination, the differences in the healing of critical-sized calvarial bone defects filled with bioactive glass combined with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, compared to negative controls. We used 16 male Wistar rats subjected to a specific protocol based on which 2 calvarial bone defects were created in each animal, one was filled with Bon Alive S53P4 bioactive glass and adipose-derived stem cells and the other one was considered control. At intervals of one week during the following month, the animals were euthanized and the specimens from bone defects were histologically examined and compared. The results showed that this biomaterial was biocompatible and the first signs of osseous healing appeared in the third week. Bone Alive S53P4 bioactive glass could be an excellent bone substitute, reducing the need of bone grafts.
Keywords: bioactive glass, regeneration of bone defects, adipose-derived stem cells, osteogenic differentiation