IRINA IULIANA COSTACHE, IRINA GARLEANU, VIVIANA AURSULESEI, RAZAN AL NAMAT, ADRIANA ION, RADU STEFAN MIFTODE, DAN TESLOIANU, DAN ILIESCU, ANTONIU OCTAVIAN PETRIS, ALEXANDRU DAN COSTACHE, DELIA MELANIA POPA, AMALIA STEFANA TIMPAU ATORVASTATIN IN THE TREATMENT OF DYSLIPIDEMIC PATIENTS WITH VERY HIGH CARDIOVASCULAR RISK AND NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined as the presence of hepatic fat accumulation after ruling out other causes of hepatic steatosis. The aim of the study is to identify the role of statin therapy in dyslipidemic patients with very high cardiovascular risk and NAFLD in achieving low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol targets while also evaluating the changes in liver enzymes levels. This prospective study included 140 patients with NAFLD, hyperlipidemia and elevated cardiovascular risk. Serum lipids were assessed and liver function tests were performed at baseline and at 6 months follow up in 10 mg/ 20 mg daily atorvastatin treatment schedule. The results showed that total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly reduced at 6 months follow-up, while high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol has not undergone important changes. Statin treatment significantly improved alanine aminotransferase serum levels, whereas aspartate aminotransferase levels were not significantly reduced between baseline and follow-up. Although statin therapy appears to be safe and effective for use in patients with NAFLD, an insufficient treatment is commonly observed in clinical practice, in order to avoid liver damage . NAFLD is not only a major cause of liver related morbidity and mortality, but also an independent cardiovascular risk factor, with cardiovascular mortality being the most important cause of death. Therefore, detecting and modifying risk factors without impairing liver function is desirable.