VICTOR GEANTA, ROBERT CIOCOIU, IONELIA VOICULESCU LOW DENSITY MULTI-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT ALLOY FROM AL-MG-CA-SI-B SYSTEM The scientific paper presents a numerical modeling of the chemical composition for the optimization of the multicomponent light alloys in the Al-Mg-Ca-Si-B system. The effects of the proportion of each chemical element on the main characteristics of the alloy based on the mixture rule and the correlation between the melting temperature and the modulus of elasticity were analyzed numerically. The model results has reveals that even other factors must be taken into account, i.e. the mechanical characteristics which varied significantly with changing of chemical compositions. A compromise was set, by slightly increasing the density to acquire better mechanical characteristics. The selected chemical composition was then used to obtain the new low density alloy. In current research stage we conclude that the as cast alloy comprises an inhomogeneous solid solution and complex oxides. Further studies are ongoing on the experimental alloy in various states (homogenization annealed and processed by plastic deformation).
Keywords: multi-component alloy, chemical composition, low density, microstructure