DAN PERJU DUMBRAVA, CARMEN CORINA RADU, DANIEL TABIAN, STEFAN CRISTIAN VESA, IULIU FULGA, OVIDIU CHIROBAN THE RELATION BETWEEN SUICIDE BY CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES AND THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION
The study aimed to determine the influence of the levels of education among people that committed suicide by the use of chemical substances. Data were collected from 2 groups of subjects investigated at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Cluj-Napoca, between January 2012 and December 2016. The first group consisted of 20 deceased persons that committed suicide by chemical substances and the second group consisted of 13 persons that attempted suicide by chemical substances. We investigated the following data: gender, age and type of toxic substance, level of education, field of study, existence of mental illness or other attempts. Age was statistically significantly higher in successful suicides versus suicides attempts. The rest of the variables did not differ statistically significantly between groups, although a higher percentage of subjects with psychiatric illness were observed in the completed suicides group. Also, a higher percentage of subjects who attempted to commit suicide with combination of alcohol and other chemical substances were observed, without achieving statistical significance. We also analyzed the differences within the group with completed suicide subjects from the point of view of their studies. Although we did not get a statistical significance because of the low number of subjects, there were a few associations that slightly exceeded the statistical significance threshold. Thus, those without higher education have used alcohol more frequently in combination with medication, and those with higher education have preferred medication alone. The obtained results may have implications for the targeted prevention of suicides by chemical substances.
Keywords: suicide, chemical substances, level of education, forensic medicine