DAN RAZVAN POPOVICIU, TICUTA NEGREANU PIRJOL, LUCIAN STEFAN MICLAUS PHYTOTOXIC EFFECT AND BIOACCUMULATION OF CHROMIUM IN WHITE MUSTARD (SINAPIS ALBA L.) SEEDLINGS
The chromium bioaccumulation potential in Sinapis alba L. was studied in experimental hydroponic conditions. Mustard seedlings were grown in nutrient solution containing 50, 100, 250 and 500 ppm Cr. After 10 days, seedlings were analyzed for shoot length, biomass, leaf pigment (chlorophylls and carotenoids) and tissular Cr concentration. The Biological Accumulation Coefficients (BAC) were also determined. Cr content in S. alba dry mass reached 415-2,064 ppm, depending on ambient Cr concentration. BAC ranged between 8.30 to 4.13, with a peak at 100 ppm and lowest values at higher concentrations. Shoot length, biomass and pigment concentration values showed an average decrease at high Cr concentrations (mostly, at 500 ppm), without a definite statistical significance. Results indicate that S. alba is tolerant to high Cr levels and has hyperaccumulative abilities.