GEORGE A. DRAGHICI, CRISTINA A. DEHELEAN, IULIA PINZARU, DESPINA M. BORDEAN, GEORGETA POP, DRAGOS V. NICA AN 112 DAYS EXPERIMENT ON DIETARY CADMIUM RETENTION IN HEPATOPANCREAS IN ADULT CANTAREUS ASPERSUS SNAILS
Cadmium is very hazardous pollutant with massive impact on aspects of everyday life. Little knowledge exists on kinetics of dietary cadmium retention in Cantareus aspersus for durations above three months although this species of land snails serves as excellent ecotoxicological model for studying cadmium hazard. Here was used a continuous 112-day exposure study design, in which test snails were exposed to a wide range of dietary cadmium levels, including human- and environmentally-relevant levels. Using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, cadmium levels in the hepatopancreas were found to increase significantly, and in dose-dependent manner starting from a dietary cadmium dose of 0.2 mg/kg dry weight. The results of the present study render the hepatopancreas of mature snails, C. aspersus, as excellent endpoints for assessing Cd toxicity over a broad range of concentrations. Hence, this species of land snails can be reliably used for both active and passive biomonitoring of environmental cadmium pollution.