RAMONA CAMELIA RUMEL, LAURA CRISTINA RUSU, PUSA NELA GAJE, RAMONA AMINA POPOVICI, MARIUS RAICA THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TREND OF ORAL CARCINOMA IN EASTERN EUROPE
Oral and pharyngeal cancer is estimated by World Health Organization (WHO) to be the eighth most common cancer worldwide with signiûcant regional variation with increasing and decreasing incidence trend. The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral cancer epidemiological trend, incidence and mortality in Central and East Europe (CEE), and to compare the incidence of oral cancer with other regions from the world. The analyzed data was from NORDCAN and GLOBOCAN, using ASR (age- standardize rate) incidence and mortality overall and by sexes. The incidence of oral and pharyngeal cancer is higher in CEE than the global incidence. This is in accord with specific mortality from oral and pharyngeal cancer that is higher in CEE than the regions other submitted to the current evaluation. The incidence of oral cancer is very high at man, especially in Hungary, which is the most affected from oral cancer from CEE.
Keywords: squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck, epidemiology, geographic distribution