LOREDANA GOLOVCENCU, CRISTIAN ROMANEC, MARIA ALEXANDRA MARTU, DANIELA ANISTOROAIEI, MARIANA PACURAR PARTICULARITIES OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH DENTAL ANOMALIES THAT NEED ORTHODONTIC - RESTORATIVE THERAPEUTIC APPROACH
Orthodontics is a specialty of dental medicine that discovers and treat dento - maxillary abnormalities (or lack of teeth alignment - malocclusions - unsightly dental rotation, lack of congruence of the two dental arches) solving both aesthetic and functional problems ;contributes to improving dental and facial aesthetics, and implicitly to improving psychological well-being, self-esteem and quality of life. Orthodontic treatment is a support for multidisciplinary approach with other dental specialties in order to obtain facial and dental aesthetics; seeks to improve the appearance of smile and occlusion (bite) so that the teeth can bear without trauma the daily forces sore from the time of mastication; has the potential to eliminate future dental problems, including abnormal teeth wear. Dento-maxillary abnormalities synthesize current concepts of normal occlusion and explain the mechanisms by which dento-maxillary abnormalities occur, the morphological differences that allow classification and how they can affect the individual’s appearance. The study includes a wider group of pediatric patients aged between 7 and 11 years, growing showing a diverse pathology, periodontal dental trauma, dental abnormalities, which may require the prosthesis. It can be argued that in most chromosomal syndromes, oro-facial abnormalities are major symptoms as pathognomonic value for clinical diagnosis; involvement of other body regions in these syndromes are frequently nonspecific and common to several syndromes.The great variability of their treatment measures used in dental abnormalities requires knowledge of their causal factors, as well as their mechanism of action and production.