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REVISTA DE CHIMIE
https://doi.org/10.37358/Rev.Chim.1949

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Revista de Chimie, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp. (2015)




Mihaela Gabriela Dumitru, Nicolae Ionut Vasile, Adrian A. Baciu The Use of Natural Biopolymer Derived from Gleditsia triacanthos in Reducing the Cracking Process of Cherries

Abstract:

The experiment was carried out to study the effect of mineral nutrients foliar treatment (1% Ca as calcium chloride (CaCl2), 1% Zinc as zinc sulfate (ZnSO4), 0.1% polyphenolic extract derived from seeds of Vitis vinifera, and 0.1% humic acid extracted from lignite) mixed with 1% galactomannan extracted from seeds of Gleditsia triacanthos on the phenomenon of cracking in cherries. As research material we used four varieties of sweet cherry fruit (Kordia, Simone, Regina, Summit) treated 2 weeks before harvest. Highlighting the treatment effect was achieved by determining the maximum time of water absorption, the maximum quantity of water absorbed and fruit cracking index. The maximum water absorption time showed an increase of 25.7% for Simone, 36.8% for Kordia, 36.8% for Summit and 52.6% Regina compared to control samples. The amount of water absorbed decreased by 19.75% for Kordia, 44.4% for Regina and 50% for Summit and Simone Regina compared to the control samples. Fruit cracking Index values dipped in T1 were lower by 21.7% for Kordia, 26.7% for Simone, 27.3 % for Summit and 41.3% for Regina. Fruits dipped in T2 have values lower than the control sample by 47.2% for Kordia, 48.5% for Summit, 52.4% for Simone and 65.1% for Regina, and compared to fruits dipped in T1 by 29.7% for Summit, 32% for Kordia and Regina and 34.6% for Simone. Key words: sweet cherry, fruit cracking, galactomannan

Issue: 2015 Volume 66, Number 1
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