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REVISTA DE CHIMIE
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https://doi.org/10.37358/Rev.Chim.1949

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Revista de Chimie (Rev. Chim.), Year 2020, Volume 71, Issue 9, 190-201

https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329

Anca-Rovena Lacatusu, Horia Domnariu, Dora Marica, Cristian Paltineanu, Andrei Vrinceanu, Andreia Vladimirescu

Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils

Abstract:

The presence of hydrocarbons in groundwater represents a serious risk of disease. This study tests the timing, concentration and amount of BTEX oil components during the oil vertical movement though small-scale lysimeters containing undisturbed soils of different textures and by simulating the fate of oil spills under continuous water application. Three soil types were studied: a sandy-textured, highly permeable Eutric Arenosol, AR-eu, a loamy/sandy-loamy textured Haplic Chernozem, CH-ha, and a loamy-clayey/clayey textured, swell-shrink, Luvic-Chernic Phaeozem, PH-ch-lv. Crude oil was applied as a batch application using an equivalent of 5 g oil /100 g of dry soil for a 0.02 m height in each lysimeter of the three soils studied. After oil-penetration into the soil, tap water was applied on a daily basis above the lysimeters according to infiltration rate. The breakthrough curves of the BTEX compounds show that the highest mobility in the investigated sandy AR-eu soils and loamy CH-ha soils was found for benzene followed by toluene. The other hydrocarbons only showed a limited mobility. There was no leachate from the swell-shrink PH-ch-lv soil. Soil texture and permeability thus play an important role in the movement of BTEX compounds toward the groundwater. After applying an amount of water of 200% from the total soil porosity, or an equivalent of 800-850 mm of precipitation, the leaching process did not end and there still is a leaching potential remained for these hydrocarbons. The highest amount leached per mm of effluent was also for benzene followed by toluene. There were highly significant, direct correlations between the amounts of the hydrocarbons leached and the cumulative effluent volume. The swell-shrink soils are still an effective barrier to hydrocarbons' movement toward groundwater. The BTEX aromatic hydrocarbons leached from the soils, if reach the groundwater, represent sources of pollution with severe risks for human health.
Keywords:
BTEX; benzene; toluene; ethylbenzene; m-p-o-xylene; soil permeability; soil texture

Issue: 2020, Volume 71, Issue 9
Pages: 190-201
Publication date: 2020/9/5
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
LACATUSU, A., DOMNARIU, H., MARICA, D., PALTINEANU, C., VRINCEANU, A., VLADIMIRESCU, A., Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils, Rev. Chim., 71(9), 2020, 190-201.

Vancouver
Lacatusu A, Domnariu H, Marica D, Paltineanu C, Vrinceanu A, Vladimirescu A. Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils. Rev. Chim.[internet]. 2020 Sep;71(9):190-201. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329


APA 6th edition
Lacatusu, A., Domnariu, H., Marica, D., Paltineanu, C., Vrinceanu, A. & Vladimirescu, A. (2020). Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils. Revista de Chimie, 71(9), 190-201. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329


Harvard
Lacatusu, A., Domnariu, H., Marica, D., Paltineanu, C., Vrinceanu, A., Vladimirescu, A. (2020). 'Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils', Revista de Chimie, 71(9), pp. 190-201. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329


IEEE
A. Lacatusu, H. Domnariu, D. Marica, C. Paltineanu, A. Vrinceanu, A. Vladimirescu, "Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils". Revista de Chimie, vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 190-201, 2020. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329


Text
Anca-Rovena Lacatusu, Horia Domnariu, Dora Marica, Cristian Paltineanu, Andrei Vrinceanu, Andreia Vladimirescu,
Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils,
Revista de Chimie,
Volume 71, Issue 9,
2020,
Pages 190-201,
ISSN 2668-8212,
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329.
(https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8329)
Keywords: BTEX; benzene; toluene; ethylbenzene; m-p-o-xylene; soil permeability; soil texture



RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils
A1 - Lacatusu, Anca-Rovena
A2 - Domnariu, Horia
A3 - Marica, Dora
A4 - Paltineanu, Cristian
A5 - Vrinceanu, Andrei
A6 - Vladimirescu, Andreia
JF - Revista de Chimie
JO - Rev. Chim.
PB - Revista de Chimie SRL
SN - 2668-8212
Y1 - 2020
VL - 71
IS - 9
SP - 190
EP - 201
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329
KW - BTEX
KW - benzene
KW - toluene
KW - ethylbenzene
KW - m-p-o-xylene
KW - soil permeability
KW - soil texture

ER -


BibTex
@article{RevCh2020P190,
author = {Lacatusu Anca-Rovena and Domnariu Horia and Marica Dora and Paltineanu Cristian and Vrinceanu Andrei and Vladimirescu Andreia},
title = {Modelling the Movement of some Mobile Hydrocarbons Below the Crop Rooting System Using Small-Scale Lysimeters with Undisturbed Soils},
journal = {Revista de Chimie},
volume = {71},
number = {9},
pages = {190-201},
year = {2020},
issn = {2668-8212},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.9.8329},
url = {https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8329}
}
 
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