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https://doi.org/10.37358/Rev.Chim.1949

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Revista de Chimie (Rev. Chim.), Year 2020, Volume 71, Issue 12, 131-145

https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394

Zafar Iqbal Khan, Zill-E-huma, Kafeel Ahmad, Sonaina Nazar, Humayun Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Kinza Wajid, Tasneem Ahmad, Mudasra Munir, Ifra Saleem Malik, Muhammad Nadeem, Allah Bakhsh Gulshan, Ahmed Hossam Mahmoud, Osama B. Mohammed

Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern

Abstract:

A research project was conducted to investigate the cadmium bioaccumulation in chickens fed. In this direction, cadmium concentration was determined in maize plant parts and in seven tissues of chickens to study the potential human risk of consumption of these chickens by finding out the cadmium target hazard quotient - THQ ([1). In addition, the pollution load index for soil was also determined. The concentration of cadmium in maize and chicken body parts was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. During the spring, maximum cadmium level (01.60 ± 0.47 mg / kg) was noticed in seeds of cultivar Sadaf irrigated with sewage and waste water. During autumn, the highest concentration of cadmium (0.99 ± 0.04 mg / kg) was noticed in seeds of cultivar MMRI irrigated with sewage water. Results indicated that the transfer of cadmium into chickens via grains owes to the irrigated of these plants with waste water. Pollution load index - PLI values in canal and sewage water treatment were greater than 1.00, indicated that soil is polluted. The results were also debated and related with acceptable values to appraise whether this species pose any health risk to human after its consumption or not. Though the target hazard quotient values for the poultry edibles were less than 1.00, indicated that these parts even from the group of chickens reared on the sewage water treated grains were harmless for human health. But higher Cd concentration in the Gallus group reared on the seeds grown on waste water indicated the need of an ample investigation to combat the problems related to flow of toxic heavy metals in a food chain.
Keywords:
Cadmium; Sewage water; Maize; Gallus Chickens

Issue: 2020, Volume 71, Issue 12
Pages: 131-145
Publication date: 2021/1/7
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394
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Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
KHAN, Z.I., ZILL-E-HUMA, , AHMAD, K., NAZAR, S., BASHIR, H., SOHAIL, M., WAJID, K., AHMAD, T., MUNIR, M., MALIK, I.S., NADEEM, M., GULSHAN, A.B., MAHMOUD, A.H., MOHAMMED, O.B., Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern, Rev. Chim., 71(12), 2020, 131-145.

Vancouver
Khan ZI, Zill-E-huma , Ahmad K, Nazar S, Bashir H, Sohail M, Wajid K, Ahmad T, Munir M, Malik IS, Nadeem M, Gulshan AB, Mahmoud AH, Mohammed OB. Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern. Rev. Chim.[internet]. 2020 Dec;71(12):131-145. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394


APA 6th edition
Khan, Z.I., Zill-E-huma, , Ahmad, K., Nazar, S., Bashir, H., Sohail, M.,... Mohammed, O.B. (2020). Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern. Revista de Chimie, 71(12), 131-145. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394


Harvard
Khan, Z.I., Zill-E-huma, , Ahmad, K., Nazar, S., Bashir, H., Sohail, M., Wajid, K., Ahmad, T., Munir, M., Malik, I.S., Nadeem, M., Gulshan, A.B., Mahmoud, A.H., Mohammed, O.B. (2020). 'Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern', Revista de Chimie, 71(12), pp. 131-145. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394


IEEE
Z.I. Khan, Zill-E-huma, K. Ahmad, S. Nazar, H. Bashir, M. Sohail, K. Wajid, T. Ahmad, M. Munir, I.S. Malik, M. Nadeem, A.B. Gulshan, A.H. Mahmoud, O.B. Mohammed, "Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern". Revista de Chimie, vol. 71, no. 12, pp. 131-145, 2020. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394


Text
Zafar Iqbal Khan, Zill-E-huma, Kafeel Ahmad, Sonaina Nazar, Humayun Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Kinza Wajid, Tasneem Ahmad, Mudasra Munir, Ifra Saleem Malik, Muhammad Nadeem, Allah Bakhsh Gulshan, Ahmed Hossam Mahmoud, Osama B. Mohammed,
Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern,
Revista de Chimie,
Volume 71, Issue 12,
2020,
Pages 131-145,
ISSN 2668-8212,
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394.
(https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8394)
Keywords: Cadmium; Sewage water; Maize; Gallus Chickens


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern
A1 - Khan, Zafar Iqbal
A2 - Zill-E-huma,
A3 - Ahmad, Kafeel
A4 - Nazar, Sonaina
A5 - Bashir, Humayun
A6 - Sohail, Muhammad
A7 - Wajid, Kinza
A8 - Ahmad, Tasneem
A9 - Munir, Mudasra
A10 - Malik, Ifra Saleem
A11 - Nadeem, Muhammad
A12 - Gulshan, Allah Bakhsh
A13 - Mahmoud, Ahmed Hossam
A14 - Mohammed, Osama B.
JF - Revista de Chimie
JO - Rev. Chim.
PB - Revista de Chimie SRL
SN - 2668-8212
Y1 - 2020
VL - 71
IS - 12
SP - 131
EP - 145
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394
KW - Cadmium
KW - Sewage water
KW - Maize
KW - Gallus Chickens
ER -


BibTex
@article{RevCh2020P131,
author = {Khan Zafar Iqbal and Zill-E-huma and Ahmad Kafeel and Nazar Sonaina and Bashir Humayun and Sohail Muhammad and Wajid Kinza and Ahmad Tasneem and Munir Mudasra and Malik Ifra Saleem and Nadeem Muhammad and Gulshan Allah Bakhsh and Mahmoud Ahmed Hossam and Mohammed Osama B.},
title = {Bioaccumulation of Cadmium in Gallus Fed in Punjab, Pakistan: A Human Health Concern},
journal = {Revista de Chimie},
volume = {71},
number = {12},
pages = {131-145},
year = {2020},
issn = {2668-8212},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.20.12.8394},
url = {https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8394}
}
 
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