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REVISTA DE CHIMIE
Cite as: Rev. Chim.
https://doi.org/10.37358/Rev.Chim.1949

OSIM Nr. R102355
ISSN Print 0034-7752
ISSN Online 2668-8212
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Revista de Chimie (Rev. Chim.), Year 2021, Volume 72, Issue 2, 186-199

https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430

Riham Kanaan, Elissar Al-Aawar, Bassam Riachi, Salim Nassreddine, Diana-Luciana Cursaru, Jean Chamoun

Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source

Abstract:

Low cost, high fatty acid content waste cooking oil was transformed into biodiesel using an acid catalyzed chemical esterification reaction with 0.5 vol.% of H2SO4 at 60°C for 1 hour followed by the main transesterification reaction. For the purpose of comparison, biodiesel fuel was also prepared using straight vegetable oils (SVO’s). The gas chromatography test showed higher than 95% FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) content for different types of utilized feedstocks. Biodiesel fuel and its blends were characterized based on ASTM test methods to investigate its density, viscosity, flash point, pour point, heating value, and its cetane index and similar physical properties were obtained for all the prepared biodiesel fuels. B20 blend, which contains 20 vol.% of biodiesel and 80 vol.% of diesel, showed a better performance than B0 (100 vol.% of diesel) when tested in a laboratory compression ignition diesel engine. After simulation of the production process via Aspen Hysys, a feasibility study was conducted and the results revealed that utilizing waste cooking oils (WCO’s) as feedstock is more economical than starting with SVO’s as raw material.
Keywords:
Waste cooking oils; Biodiesel; Gas chromatography; Compression ignition engine; Feasibility study

Issue: 2021, Volume 72, Issue 2
Pages: 186-199
Publication date: 2021/5/7
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430
download pdf   Download Pdf Article
Creative Commons License
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Styles
Cite this article as:
KANAAN, R., AL-AAWAR, E., RIACHI, B., NASSREDDINE, S., CURSARU, D., CHAMOUN, J., Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source, Rev. Chim., 72(2), 2021, 186-199.

Vancouver
Kanaan R, Al-Aawar E, Riachi B, Nassreddine S, Cursaru D, Chamoun J. Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source. Rev. Chim.[internet]. 2021 Feb;72(2):186-199. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430


APA 6th edition
Kanaan, R., Al-Aawar, E., Riachi, B., Nassreddine, S., Cursaru, D. & Chamoun, J. (2021). Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source. Revista de Chimie, 72(2), 186-199. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430


Harvard
Kanaan, R., Al-Aawar, E., Riachi, B., Nassreddine, S., Cursaru, D., Chamoun, J. (2021). 'Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source', Revista de Chimie, 72(2), pp. 186-199. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430


IEEE
R. Kanaan, E. Al-Aawar, B. Riachi, S. Nassreddine, D. Cursaru, J. Chamoun, "Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source". Revista de Chimie, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 186-199, 2021. [online]. https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430


Text
Riham Kanaan, Elissar Al-Aawar, Bassam Riachi, Salim Nassreddine, Diana-Luciana Cursaru, Jean Chamoun,
Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source,
Revista de Chimie,
Volume 72, Issue 2,
2021,
Pages 186-199,
ISSN 2668-8212,
https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430.
(https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8430)
Keywords: Waste cooking oils; Biodiesel; Gas chromatography; Compression ignition engine; Feasibility study


RIS
TY - JOUR
T1 - Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source
A1 - Kanaan, Riham
A2 - Al-Aawar, Elissar
A3 - Riachi, Bassam
A4 - Nassreddine, Salim
A5 - Cursaru, Diana-Luciana
A6 - Chamoun, Jean
JF - Revista de Chimie
JO - Rev. Chim.
PB - Revista de Chimie SRL
SN - 2668-8212
Y1 - 2021
VL - 72
IS - 2
SP - 186
EP - 199
UR - https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430
KW - Waste cooking oils
KW - Biodiesel
KW - Gas chromatography
KW - Compression ignition engine
KW - Feasibility study
ER -


BibTex
@article{RevCh2021P186,
author = {Kanaan Riham and Al-Aawar Elissar and Riachi Bassam and Nassreddine Salim and Cursaru Diana-Luciana and Chamoun Jean},
title = {Biodiesel Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil: A Cheaper and Cleaner Renewable Energy Source},
journal = {Revista de Chimie},
volume = {72},
number = {2},
pages = {186-199},
year = {2021},
issn = {2668-8212},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.37358/RC.21.2.8430},
url = {https://revistadechimie.ro/Articles.asp?ID=8430}
}
 
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